(IN THE NAME OF ALLAH)

(Brief Life Sketch of the Ayatullah Mohammad Sadiqi Tehrani)

"Ayatullah Mohammad Sadiqi Tehrani" the great writer of "Tafsir Al-Furqan" was born in Tehran in 1926.

His father was one of the most famous orators of Iran. He used to speak vociferously against Reza Shah Pahlavi, the tyrant monarch of Iran, during whose regime he was challenged and attacks were attempted on him.

Ayatullah Sadiqi entered the Islamic Seminaries at the tender age of 14 and since that time he began to take active part in amalgamation of cultural and political activities.

He attended the lectures of Ayatullah Sheikh Mohammad Ali Shah Abadi in Tehran for a year. During the same period, he also took active part in attainment of knowledge from great masters of the time like Mirza Mahdi and Mirza Ahmad Ashtiani, and acquired deep knowledge of Quranic interpretation by attending lectures of Ayatullah Shah Abadi and confirmed it with Ayatullah Allama Tabataba'i, the writer of "Tafseerul - Mizan", in Qom.

He learnt Islamic Jurisprudence from a number of jurists, the greatest among whom was Ayatullah Borujirdi. He was able to attain the stage of professorship (ijtihad) at the age of twenty.

Thereafter Ayatullah Sadiqi attended lectures of Ayatullah Khomeini in philosophy and ethics and returned to Tehran after ten years of education and teaching.

There he seconded Ayatullah Kashani in the Islamic Revolution. During all this period, he was also busy in teaching Islamic studies when he obtained doctorate in Islamic Studies and master's degree in four other subjects, law being one of them. He attended lectures in Jurisprudence and Mysticism delivered by Ayatullah Sheikh Mohammad Taqi Amoli as well as philosophical lectures of Ayatullah Rafi'e Qazvini.

After ten years of political struggle and teaching Quran interpretation in Tehran, he was invited by the eminent scholars of Qom to attend an important meeting which was going to be held in commemoration of the first anniversary of Ayatullah Borujirdi's death. He attended that meeting and delivered an emotional speech in which he addressed and blamed the Shah, and disclosed his oppressive policies. This speech which was about one year before 15th Khordad uprising, has accelerated Ayatullah Khomaini's struggle against the regime.

Following that, he was prosecuted by the (SAVAK) and was sentenced to death penalty for four times by an absence ballot. This situation forced him to a clandestine emigration to Mecca in 1961 where he succeeded to increase his struggle against the regime.

Thereafter he lectured against the Shah during Hajj performance and was consequently imprisoned at Mecca owing to joint conspiracy of shah and the Saudi regime but after the protest of 40 prominent scholars of Iran & Iraq was released.

After his release he migrated to Najaf in order to coach people in educative and Quranic revolution. Sadly enough he could not stay more than ten years in "Najaf " where his activities for bringing about political Quranic revolution accelerated and finally was forced to leave for Lebanon where he stayed for 5 years and then proceeded to Mecca again and during two years' stay he continued to impart knowledge of Quranic interpretation and Jurisprudence.

He was the second Shi'a scholar to impart knowledge in the "Masjidul - Haram" after Ayatullah Bahrul - Uloom. He occupied an eminent pulpit behind the "Maqam-e Ibrahim" where more than six hundred students from various Islamic countries attended his lectures. Although the education imparted by him did not last long, nevertheless he arranged peaceful debates with the Scholars of Mecca and Madina and convinced all of them by his strong Quranic arguments.

In none of these debates he could be defeated and he was accepted an authority in Quranic diction. Moreover he has defeated Shi'a Scholars in his argument regarding the authenticity of Quran. Finally, he was arrested again and exiled from Mecca owing to his educative and political activities and returned to Beirut.

After his three months' stay in Beirut and 17 years of exile from Iran he returned to uphold the revolution and aid Ayatullah Khomeini in establishment of the Islamic Republic. A few months after triumph of Islamic Revolution,he arrived back in Qom for teaching Quran and Jurisprudence. His lectures are wholly based on the Holy Quran uninfluenced by view points of any scholar except in the case there is no contradiction with the Holy Quran.

He has about 110 works on various subjects, list of which will be afforded later. His main Quranic work is an exegesis titled "Tafsir Alforqan" (in 30 volumes). Ayatullah Allama Tabataba'ie, the most famous exegete of Quran wrote a commendation for it saying: "This exegesis is our glory and honour."

Moreover, his critique books on the Bible such as "Aqaidona" (our believes) & "Al - Moqarinat " & "Rasool - ul - Islam" Prove  that his proficiency is more than jewish and christian scholars.

The specialty of this great Quranic scholar lies in the fact that he is an authority in all fields of Islamic studies such as Exegesis, Jurisprudence, Philosophy and etc.

He has bravely issued 450 verdicts which are in contrast with popular opinions of Shi'as and Sunnis, (Most of his unique verdicts are collected in a book titled "Tabsiratul - Fuqaha").

Also he has finished teaching of two terms of Jurisprudence with the centrality of Quran for the first time in Islamic Jurisprudence that it's second term Has lasted six years and now he is teaching the third term with the title of "A Comparative Study of Religions and Sects in the light of Quran & Sunna".

also A full course of Quranic jurisprudence  in all subjects of Islamic jurisprudence has been recorded.

He has vigorous criticisms against the prevailing philosophy in the Islamic seminaries and believes that the main foundations of philosophy are inconsistant with the Holy Quran and Sunna. Moreover, he challenged western and eastern philosophers in a significant book titled "Talks between Monotheists and Materialists".

The point to attract attention of all lies in the fact that so far no Muslim scholar has written any critique of his views whereas the author is ready to answer every Islamic questions night and day in his presence, and by letter or contacting him on his phone +98-251-2934425.

We hope that a book regarding the life and works of Ayatullah Dr. Sadiqi will not take long to publish.

"Darul-Furqan" (The author's office and publish center)

(D.F.P) - M.H     16  April  1998  IRAN-Qom

Tel:                  +98-251-2934425

Email:              shagerdan.sadeghi@gmail.com

The author has permitted the translation and publication of all his works provided the translator observes honesty and sends a copy of translation to him to get his approval before publishing.

This article was written when "Ayatullah Mohammad Sadiqi Tehrani"  was alive.

God have mercy upon him.